国际合作

调查显示美国21个州的火鸡检出抗药性细菌

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摘 要:据美国消费者联盟的一份报告指出,检测发现美国21个州店面销售的火鸡中,抗药性细菌。报告指出:对来自全美各地257个检样中超过一半的样本中含有致病菌,高达90%的火鸡看含有1种或1种以上的以上几种病菌。其中的消费者报告显示:“一些细菌,包括大肠杆菌和金黄色葡萄球菌,不仅可引起食物中毒,而且能引起泌尿,血液和其他的感染。”

(供稿:曲峻岭)

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria found in ground turkey in 21 states,report finds

Published May 01, 2013

Reuters

Dangerous antibiotic-resistant bacteria has been found in groundturkey on U.S. grocery shelves across a variety of brands and stores located in21 states, according to a report by a consumer watchdog organization.

Of the 257 samples of ground turkey tested, more than half werefound to be positive for fecal bacteria and overall, 90 percent werecontaminated with one or more types of disease-causing organisms, many of whichproved resistant to one or more common antibiotics, Consumer Reports found.

The non-profit, independent product-testing organization said inthe June issue of its magazine that the sampling marked the first time it hadconducted a laboratory analysis of ground turkey, a popular consumeralternative to hamburger. It was alarmed by the results.

"Some bacteria that end up on ground turkey, including E.coli and staph aureus, can cause not only food poisoning but also urinary,bloodstream, and other infections," said a Consumer Reports statement onits findings.

The group said it samples ground turkey from 27 different brandsincluding major and store brands.

Turkeys, like other livestock in the United States, are commonlygiven repeated low doses of antibiotics in an effort to keep the animalshealthy and help promote growth. But there has been growing concern thatwidespread use of antibiotics in animals that are not sick is speeding thedevelopment of antibiotic resistance.

The National Turkey Federation said the findings weresensationalized on a sampling that was "extremely small," and saidthat blaming use of antibiotics in animals was "misleading."

"There is more than one way they (harmful bacteria) can windup on food animals," said National Turkey Federation vice president LisaPicard. "In fact, it's so common in the environment, studies have shownthat generic E.coli and MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) caneven be found on about 20 percent of computer keyboards."

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration also found widespreadcontamination, discovering antibiotic resistant E coli, salmonella and otherharmful bacteria in turkey, ground beef, pork chops and chicken in samplingdone in 2011.

The food safety regulator says resistance of bacteria toantibiotics is "a major public health threat," and last year issuedvoluntary guidelines for animal health and animal agriculture industries aimedat limiting the antibiotic use in livestock. The agency has rebuffed efforts tomandate reduced usage, however.

U.S. Rep. Louise Slaughter, a New York Democrat, last monthreintroduced legislation that would ban non-therapeutic uses of eight types ofantibiotics in food animal production.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also has issued awarning about antibiotic resistance infections, saying they are becomingincreasingly difficult to treat and more infected people are likely to die.

"Humans don't consume antibiotics every day to prevent diseaseand neither should healthy animals," said Dr. Urvashi Rangan, Director ofthe Food Safety and Sustainability Group at Consumer Reports. "Prudent useof antibiotics should be required to stem the public health crisis generatedfrom the reduced effectiveness of antibiotics."

资料来源:http://www.foxnews.com/health/2013/05/01/antibiotic-resistant-bacteria-found-in-ground-turkey-in-21-states-report-finds/